Wednesday, 8 April 2009

Penalize vehicle owner on ‘Black Smoke’ not proper.







Sabah DAP had received many complaints regarding the summon action taken by the Department of Environment (DOE) on the black smoke emitted from the diesel operated vehicles. The DOE issued summon on vehicles failing the black smoke test up to RM 2,000.00 on the spot. The drivers who were fined for excessive black smoke emitting from their vehicle were very angry and refused to pay the summon fine. They said the action was unfair and unjust, the following were observed:-

(a) the vehicles were not given a chance to make good the “black smoke” situation and the summon were issued on the spot, and the amount is too high,
(b) the testing procedure by DOE and Puspakom is double standard, and showing different test results.
(c) the DOE test method is extreme, and beyond the normal operation condition of driving.

The Kota Kinabalu Member of Parliament Dr. Hiew King Cheu had earlier on forwarded the complaints to the Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment concerning the matter. The deputy minister replied on the 24th March, that the DOE given him the reply saying:

(1) The Sabah DOE is carrying out the black smoke test (Operasi Statik) by the ‘Kerbside enforcement’ following the ‘Prosedur tetap operasi kawalan perlepasan Asap Hitam dari kenderan berenjin diesel Pindaan Disember 2007’. (Procedure on control of black smoke emitting from Diesel engine, Act December, 2007). The procedure stated the test required the vehicle under ‘idling’ condition to raise the fuel pedal quickly to its maximum engine speed (RPM) and hold for 2-3 second then released. This is to be repeated for 3 times in order to get the average reading on the smoke emitted. The Puspakom personals are trained by our department to carry out this test procedure, and given the certificate of competency. The test procedure is following the Operation manual provided by the Manufacturer of the test meter and equipment.

(2) For the cases of complaint, it is known that the vehicles were tested in Puspakom after they were tested by the DOE, they could have made good the engine before going for the Puspakom test. That’s why they passed the Puspakom test.

The answer received was not satisfactory. Hiew said the DOE issued summon to vehicles emitting excessive black smoke was not right in the sense that they should give chance for the vehicles to at least a second chance to make good and come back for a second test. A vehicle tested by the Puspakom should be taken as final and the result is to be accepted.

Besides this, the diesel supply in Sabah, and Malaysia are the lowest grade of diesel fuel – Euro 1. The government had been for long wanted to change to a higher grade and clean diesel grade – Euro 2. The Euro 1 diesel is no good, this can damage our engine fuel pump and the fuel injectors, and black smoke emitted in excess. The high grade Euro 2 to 5 had been improved to cater for better power, less black smoke, and less harm to the engine.

Therefore, how can the government penalize the people for producing excessive black smoke to spoil the clean air and the environment, they should be responsible to help by giving us good diesel fuel. All the government vehicles should go for black smoke test too, because these vehicles are also emitting excessive black smoke. There are plenty of the government vehicles can be seen shooting black smoke in town.

The DOE must find a better solution to control the situation and not just penalizing the people. The fine of RM2,000 is definitely too high. This will be a good Parliament question to debate on, Dr. Hiew will raise this in the coming sitting of the Parliament in June.

Dr. Hiew King Cheu.


‘乌贼’车主的处罚极不恰当
沙巴民主行动党已接获不少投诉有关环境部(DOE),对排放黑烟的柴油车辆所采取严厉的罚款,所有车辆未能通过黑烟测试的现场罚款为马币两千。 对排放过量黑烟而被罚款的车主们感到非常生气,并且拒绝交付。 他们说,这是不公正的做法,原因如下:-

(一) 当场‘三万’,而没有给于车主机会来处理车辆“黑烟”的问题,并且罚款数额昂高。
(二) 环境部在“黑烟”测试过程和验车中心(Puspakom)的测试拥有双重标准,而且双方显示出不同的测试结果。
(三) 在环境部的测试方法超出正常的驾驶方式之下进行测试。

亚庇国会议员邱庆洲博士曾向天然资源和环境部副部长提出有关的问题。 而副部长于三月二十四日给于书面回答,以下是环境源部长所给他的答复:

一)沙巴州环境部现实施的‘黑烟测试’(Operasi Statik)是以‘路边执法’ (Kerbside Enforcement)方式进行,并且根据“十二月二零零七年法令”所定的程序执行,即是柴油机的黑烟排放控制程序。 该程序的测试需要车辆停放,然后尽踏油门达到最高的机器转速(RPM)约两到三秒钟然后放开,这要重复三次,以获得平均黑烟的排放数字。 验车中心的测试人员是由环境部所提供训练,并颁发了合格证书。 测试程序的测试仪表和设备是根据制造商提供的操作手册作为标准。

(二) 据了解在投诉的案件中,这些车辆是经过环境部测试不合格后,前往把引机维修好,才到验车中心测试,所以他们才能够通过验车中心的测试。

邱博士表示所收到的答复不能令人满意。 环境部立即发出传票给排放过量黑烟的车主是不正确的,他们应给予机会车主至少有机会在维修后得到第二次的测试,而验车中心的检验结果才为作准。

此外,沙巴的柴油供应,是最低级的柴油‘油烙一号’(Euro 1)。 政府有提议想要改用高品质和清洁的柴油‘油烙二号’(Euro 2)。 ‘油烙一号’(Euro 1)的柴油品质比较差,也就是我们所熟悉的‘油渣’,这会损害我们汽车的油泵和喷油器,而引起黑烟排放超限。 高品质的油烙二号至五号已经在其他国家被使用,有更好的发动力,减少黑烟,不损害机器。

因此,政府惩罚车主破坏空气和环境,其实政府应该负责提供帮助,给我们更好品质的柴油燃料。 反观所有政府车辆也应该受到黑烟测试,因为这些车辆也排放过量黑烟。有很多政府车辆可能不能通过黑烟测试。

环境部必须找到更好的执法方式,以控制车辆的黑烟的污染,而不仅仅是惩罚车主,罚款两千令吉肯定是太高了。 这课题将是一个很好的国会辩论的问题,邱博士将在六月的下季国会议会中提出。