Monday, 24 May 2010

Poverty in Sabah getting worst 沙巴贫穷率日益严重

The huge number of poor people in Sabah was again the topic brought up by the Member of Parliament for Kota Kinabalu Dr. Hiew King Cheu in Parliament on the 14 of April in Parliament during the question and answer session. He asked about the steps and measures to be taken by the government to reduce and eradicate poverty in Sabah, and when can these be achieved? 
The Minister in the Ministry of Rural Development and Territories replied that the government is committed to reduce the poverty rates in Malaysia to 2.8% at the end of the 9th Malaysia Plan.

亚庇国会议员邱庆洲博士于四月十四日再次在国会问答环节中再次提问,有关沙巴州贫穷率越来越高。他问联邦政府将会采取怎样的步骤和措施,来减低沙巴 州的贫穷率,及何时能够达到目标?

The various actions to be taken are as follows:-

(1)  To ensure all the programs under the “Skim Pembangunan Kesejahteraan Rakyat” (SPKR) are properly executed to improve their income, and the living skill training courses are to be upgraded. The houses of the poor are to be improved to a more comfortable and safe condition.
(2)  To provide measures to eradicate poverty through the setting up of “Focus Group on Eradication of Poverty” in the national level, state and district level.
(3)  The government is setting up national data bank on the poor with the “eKasih” program, which will provide the comprehensive profile on all the poor and hardcore poor to be given assistance.
(4)  The government will identify the areas with high poverty rate in order to provide strategic land development to boost the economy, like the Projek Lonjakan Mega Agropolitan in Pulau Banggi, Sabah, and the Projek Ladang Sejahtera Bangkoka, Sabah.
(5)  To improve the education level, heath, basic amenities like road building, water supply, and better electricity supply for the minority group in Sabah like the Rungus, Suluk, Orang Sungai, and the Tidong.

The poverty rate in Sabah is relatively high when compared to other state in Malaysia. Therefore, it will take longer time to eradicate the poverty and needed long term plan for the purpose. The information collected by the “e-Kasih” program, the sustainability of all projects launched to help the poor, the Focus Group to assist the poor, the help rendered from NGO and corporate sectors, and the corporation from the Sabah government on the program to eradicate poverty like the Mini estate program can definitely reduce the poverty rate in Sabah.

Dr. Hiew said the answer from the minister seems like an academic type of standard prepared answer. We in Sabah have been hearing this type of reply and announcement repeatedly and the poverty situation has not been solved, but in stead worst then before. The poverty rate in 1999 was recorded as 23.4%, and in 2004 was 23.0% and in 2008 it returned to 23.4% as confirmed by the Minister in his verbal reply to Dr. Hiew’s question. As in 2009 the figure has improved to 30% according to the Ex-chief minister Datuk Harris Salleh, and in fact this is true.

Hiew further suggested to the minister on a fast step to solve the poverty situation in Sabah effectively is by giving Sabah more funding and a 20% on the Sabah oil royality. He replied that this is not within the jurisdiction and power of his ministry. This reflects the BN government is not putting full effort to help our poor in Sabah who comes mostly from the Natives of Sabah. We can easily locate them everyway in town and in kampongs. Through the project “Cari Orang Miskin” launched by the Sabah DAP not long ago, we have recorded many cases of poor and hardcore poor. The situation is serious and BN is not capable in reducing the poverty rate in Sabah, let alone eradicating it.

Dr. Hiew King Cheu, KKMP.


亚庇国会议员邱庆洲博士于四月十四日再次在国会问答环节中再次提问,有关沙巴州贫穷率越来越高。他问联邦政府将会采取怎样的步骤和措施,来 减低沙巴州的贫穷率,及何时能够达到目标?



1.    确保及执行‘人民发展计划’(SPKR),以提高他们的收入,增加生活技能及培训课程。 提供舒适和安全的房屋给贫穷人士。
2.    消除贫困的措施,如通过全国,各州和区域性成立‘专门消除贫穷小组’。
3.    利用政府所设立的网上登记贫穷档案‘eKasih’,记录所有贫穷人士的资料后,给予适当的援助。
4.    政府将确定贫穷率较高的地区,以提供土地发展策略来刺激该处的经济,列如在沙巴的邦吉岛(Pulau Panggi)。
5.    改善教育水平,医疗服务,及提供基本设施如道路建设,水供及更稳定的电供给沙巴州的少数族群。

沙巴州的贫穷率若和其它的州属比较是最高的。因此,将需要更长的时间来计划去消除贫穷。 根据网上登记贫穷档案‘eKasih’计划所收集到的资料,以进行各项‘除贫’计划及设立小组来协助贫穷人士。 加上非政府组织和私人公司所提供的帮助,及沙巴州政府推动的小型工程计划,都可以大大减少沙巴州的贫穷率。

邱博士说,部长的答案是一种标准回答模式。沙巴人一直不断地听到这样的回答,并且还多次宣布此类型的方案,但是贫困的状况仍然还没有得到解决,反而 是越来越严重。 根据记录在1999年的贫穷率是23.4%,在2004年是23.0%,而到了2008年回到23.4%,这是部长亲口回答所给的数目。 根据前首席部长拿督哈里士(Datuk Harris Salleh)的文告中提到,近年的贫穷率实际上已达到30%。

邱博士进一步向部长提意说,解决沙巴州赤贫的问题最快和有效的方法,就是拨出更多的拨款和提高20%的原油分享额给沙巴州。 部长回答说,这不属于他部门的权力范围。 从部长的回答中,反映出国阵政府并没有给予全面的努力来帮助沙巴州,尤其是沙巴州的土著族群。 透过沙巴民主行动党在沙巴州所推动的“寻找赤贫人士”活动,已经记录了不少赤贫及贫穷人士。 情况很严重,而国阵政府没有能力去减低沙巴州的贫穷率,更不用说到要去消除。