Tuesday, 30 April 2013

“BN has failed the Sabahans” series for GE 2013 - Poor Road Network // 大选文告系列三 “国阵已让沙巴人彻底失望” – 沙州马路无法提升


案例4 –沙州路无法提升

沙巴州迄今一直都面对政府无法提升马路的问题。 在2005年有61%的马路仍然是碎石路和泥路。 沙巴州内路的山区形成一个天然的屏障,让东海岸和西海岸之间的交通系统无法有效的连接起来,尤其是内陆省的马路是非常糟糕和破烂。



This is a series of articles by the Luyang candidate, Hiew King Cheu, to point out why Barisan Nasional (BN) has failed the Sabahans. The people of Malaysia have given BN more than 50 years of continuous rule. In Sabah, there were four governments which were in one way or another aligned to BN that had resulted to Sabah from being one of the richest states to become one of the poorest states today as reported by the World Bank. What have gone wrong?

Case 4 – Poor Road Network

Sabah regions are connected by a poor network of roads. In 2005, 61% of all roads were still gravel and earth roads. The central sub-region is separated by the Crocker range and this forms a natural barrier to better road connectivity between the eastern and western sub-regions, and the interior districts are having the worst roads.


At present the major towns of Kota Kinabalu, Kudat, Sandakan, Lahad Datu, Tawau and Keningau are not well inter-connected with good roads when compared to the road network in Peninsula Malaysia. These are “sub-standard highway” with the JKR-R3 standard roads linking these regional towns.
In 2005, Sabah had 1,428 km of federal trunk roads and 14,249 km of state roads, out of which 6,094 km were sealed roads and the remaining 9,583 km were gravel and earth roads. This indicates that only 38.9% of roads are sealed in Sabah compared to 89.4% of sealed roads in Peninsula Malaysia.

Furthermore, trunk roads constructed in the 1970s and 1980s under World Bank loans were of sufficient standards at that time. However, given present requirements, there is a need to upgrade these roads. For instance, the road pavement and shoulder width (suitable previously) are now too narrow and inadequate to meet the demand of present size of vehicles and traffic volume prying on these roads.

In order to develop the interior regions, the road network linking East to West, and North to South must be built and completed as soon as possible. The Pan Borneo Highway connecting Sabah via Brunei to Sarawak must be upgraded to R5 standard of dual carriageway. It is now time to connect Sabah and Sarawak without having to pass through Brunei. The construction of the Pan Borneo Highway (a federal highway) began in 1963 when Sabah and Sarawak joined the Federation of Malaysia. It was planned for a total length of 2,083km and as of 2006 was 95% of R3-type road was completed.

The reliance on gravel roads all over Sabah slow down the development of industries, as transportation of goods such as local agricultural and manufactured products are constrained from being transported to ports or airports. The road infrastructure does not facilitate containerized transport and this represents a constraint on the development of this food processing cluster. These issues need to be urgently addressed by the government which requires that such roads be widened to ease traffic flow and facilitate transportation of goods.

Under the 9th Malaysia Plan, a total sum of RM3.188 billion (19%) was allocated for road network linkage projects out of RM16.9 billion total projects costs. Sadly, a total of only RM6.8 billion (40%) of all projects (inclusive of roads) was completed out of the RM16.9 billion total projects. These demonstrated the ineffectiveness, inefficiencies and slackness of the BN government in implementing, constructing and completing planned projects in Sabah. How can BN complete the road projects, develop Sabah and implementing good governance? At the meanwhile, Sabahans will continue to suffer the nightmare of these bad roads and risk heavy damages to their vehicles or even face road accidents.

Under the 10th Malaysian Plan (2011-2015) RM20.30 billion has been allocated for all the Sabah development projects. With the BN government performance of a meager 40% in the 9th Malaysia Plan, do Sabahans expect BN to complete 50% of the 10th Malaysia Plan projects by 2015? At this rate the BN is performing, Sabah will surly further lag behind West Malaysia in all developments. Since independence and up to 2012, we are already 20 years behind West Malaysia in terms of development. Do Sabahans want to give BN another five years to run the state government after the 2013 General Elections?

The people of Sabah must go to the 2013 polls with the aim of “Ini Kali Lah – Ubah, Tukar” vote totally and singly for Pakatan Rakayat to form the new government in order to fully benefit from the Malaysia Plan development projects. The PR states (Penang, Selangor, Kelantan and Kedah) have seen the effectiveness, efficiencies and good governance with creditability, accountability and transparency (CAT) principles. This has been proven in the last five years since 2008, and the Auditor General Report had confirmed that.

Under the Pakatan Rakyat, Sabah shall move forward and revive to become one of the richest states in Malaysia again using its vast natural resources and land bank. “Enough is enough” with the fifty years of BN government, the people have seen enough and suffered enough. Why not give Pakatan Rakyat five years to turn things around? At least, you can be rest assure that a new management in the Sabah state government will be much better than the old BN.


Hiew King Cheu,
Calon N16. Luyang


大选文告系列三 “国阵已让沙巴人彻底失望” – 沙州马路无法提升

此大选文告系列是由路阳候选人邱庆洲发出,旨在要告诉选民国阵已让沙巴人彻底失望。马来西亚让国阵连续执政超过50年。而沙巴州四届的政府都是由国阵的成员党执政。然而国阵联邦及州政府的无能管制之下,情况已是日况益下。 世界银行的报告指出沙巴从最富有的州属之一成为最贫穷的一州,这显示出国阵的无能。

案例4 –沙州路无法提升

沙巴州迄今一直都面对政府无法提升马路的问题。 在2005年有61%的马路仍然是碎石路和泥路。 沙巴州内路的山区形成一个天然的屏障,让东海岸和西海岸之间的交通系统无法有效的连接起来,尤其是内陆省的马路是非常糟糕和破烂。

沙州目前各大城镇如亚庇市,古达,山打根,拿笃,斗湖和根地咬直到今天仍然没有良好的道路。 而这些连接各城镇的高速公路都是“不合规格的工程局-R3马路准绳”。

2005年沙州有1,428公里联邦高速公路和14,249公里的州属马路,其中有6,094公里马路已铺上沥青,而其余9,583公里仍然是砾石路或泥土路。 这表明沙州只有38.9%的马路有铺上沥青,而与西马相比,该处的路已有89.4%是柏油路。


7080年代以世界银行贷款所建造的主干道路是有足够水准。然而鉴于目前的需要,是有必要提升这些道路。 例如路面与路肩的宽度,以前是适合的,但是如今是太窄了,不足以应付日益增加的交通流量和大型的车辆应运。

为了要开发内陆地区,必须兴建和连接东西及南北的道路。泛婆大道连接沙巴,汶莱和砂捞越必须提升到R5标准的双车道。 现在是时候把沙和砂州的马路连接起来,而无需通过汶莱。泛婆大道建设于1963年,沙巴和砂捞越及马来亚联合成立马来西亚后, 当时就策划了要兴建总长2,083公里的马路,而在2006年已完成95%的R3型马路。

碎石路导致沙巴州被迫放慢发展的脚步,其中包括农业和制造业的产品运输至港口或机场的问题。 由于道路的不便,大大影响了箱运的方便和速度,也影响到食品加工业的发展。 这些问题需要迫切的解决,更重要的是这些道路必须要加宽以增加交通流量,方便货柜的运输。

在第九大马计划的总拨款是马币169亿,而总拨款中的19%,即是马币31.88亿被分配用于道路连接计划项目。可悲的是该第九大马计划的拨款,政府只用了马币68亿(40%)的钱。 这些证明到国阵的无能,低效率去实施所计划好的建设项目。 国阵执政多年都一直无法完成所承诺的沙州道路工程,如何能指望他们发展沙巴和实施良好管治呢? 沙巴人民将继续面对破烂道路所造成的风险和严重损失的噩梦,尤其是道路交通意外。

第十马来西亚计划(2011-2015年)拨出马币203亿给沙巴州用于发展计划。 既然国阵在第九大马计划只能完成40%的工程计划,因此,沙巴人都在怀疑国阵是否能在2015年可以完成50%第十大马计划的工程项目。 依照国阵执行工作的差劲速度,沙巴州永远都是比西马的发展远远落后。 自独立以来到今天,沙巴已经落后了20年,因此沙巴人是不能再给机会国阵让他们执政多五年。

沙巴人民必须在这次大选中以“就是现在 – 改变”的口号,把选票投给民联,让民联组织新政府,这是为了确保大马计划的发展项目能够顺畅完成。民联执政的州属如槟州,雪兰莪,吉兰丹和吉打州在过去五年已经做出了效绩,拥有高效率和良好治理,充满公信力,诚信和透明度。 马来西亚总稽查师的报告也证明了这一点。

民联执政沙巴州,将会积极的发展和振兴沙州的经济,让沙州成为富有的州属,因为本州拥有丰富的天然资源和广大的土地。国阵执政五十多年,沙州人民的确是受够了。 为何不让民联以5年的时间来扭转乾坤? 至少你可以放心,由民联新政府执政肯定会比国阵好。